Causes of headaches
If you often have a headache, you should definitely think about the reason. Among the causes of headaches among young and middle-aged people, the pain of muscle tension takes the first place.
Concentrated static load on the muscles of the head and neck, associated with many hours of sitting at the computer, leads to muscle spasms and tension pain. Localization of such pains is often in the area of the crown and forehead.
When the pain is localized in the back of the head or temples, we can assume the presence of high blood pressure.
In addition to tension pain, pain associated with infectious pathology can be distinguished. The breakdown products of pathogenic agents and the body’s own cells have an effect, causing swelling of the membranes of the brain, which leads to pain.
Headaches can obviously be associated with head injuries resulting from traumatic situations. This includes concussions, and bruises.
High blood pressure is also a cause of headaches. An increase in pressure in the bloodstream leads to a compensatory expansion of the vessels of the brain, thereby increasing blood flow to the head. At the same time, the outflow does not have time to remove the fluid, so there is swelling and pain.
Severe headaches and age over 40 ia a sign to visit an ophthalmologist. And get tested for glaucoma. With increased intraocular pressure, irritation of the ocular nerve occurs, which is transmitted to other nerves, causing a headache.
Cervical osteochondrosis is the cause of headaches. Muscle spasm, which occurs compensatorily to stabilize the cervical vertebrae, is the cause of this pain. Having “goosebumps”, spots in the field of vision, is the so-called vertebral artery syndrome, in 80 percent of cases observed in osteochondrosis.
The intensity of the headache is perceived by everyone depending on the individual sensitivity. The pain threshold correlates with the level of endorphins produced by the pituitary gland in response to stress. The higher the level of endorphins, the easier a person can tolerate pain. The level of endorphins increases, for example, if a person regularly trains.
At the same time, people who often suffer from infectious diseases have reduced levels of endorphins and each headache, accompanied by each subsequent disease, is more and more difficult to bear.
Recommendations for the prevention and treatment of headaches
Methods of headache prevention are selected depending on the listed reasons. The right way of life and thoughts, the acquisition of emotional stability can be recommended for everyone.
In acute headache with osteochondrosis, fixation of the cervical spine and massage are indicated. In the case of high blood pressure, it is necessary to carry out systematic treatment of hypertension in order to stabilize it.
To avoid pain of tension, it is necessary to limit work at the computer, every 40 minutes to do intervals, conducting cervical and eye exercises.
In all cases of headache, moderate physical activity, staying in the fresh air, and regular ventilation of the room are indicated. For people who often suffer from infectious diseases is recommended to increase immunity.