What are the reasons for dandruff?
Dandruff is a common problem, noticeable not only to you, but also to others. Good news: getting rid of it isn’t that hard. The main thing is a comprehensive approach and patience. In this article, we will tell you how to eliminate dandruff.
Dandruff is the usual dead skin cells of the scalp. When there are too many of them, they are clearly visible in the hair and on clothes. Dandruff causes a lot of discomfort and it needs to be treated.
Causes of dandruff
Exfoliation of the upper layer of the epidermis is a natural phenomenon. It occurs all over the body, not just on the head. But due to failures in the body, the process can take on a more serious scale. When the top layer of the skin is constantly peeling off.
The main causes of increased dry skin:
- poor nutrition;
- prolonged stress;
- often wash or using the wrong shampoo;
- increased activity of the sebaceous glands;
- clogged skin pores;
- allergic reaction;
- genetic predisposition;
- hormonal failure;
- skin diseases – fungus, psoriasis, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis.
How to get rid of dandruff
Since the cause of dandruff can be not only shampoo and styling products, but also various diseases, it is better to consult a specialist. This is especially important if you notice redness and increased dryness of the skin on other parts of the body, you feel itching. A trichologist or dermatologist will help you determine the exact cause and choose an effective treatment.
If the reason is genetics, then it is unlikely to eliminate dandruff forever.
But if you follow these simple recommendations, dandruff will not become a serious problem for you.
1. Normalize your diet
A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals is necessary not only for the epidermis, but also for the whole body.
2. Eliminate stress
If you are constantly exposed to stress at work or at home, then the body will continue to respond to them with various failures. Understand what is bothering you, try to resolve all stressful situations and avoid new ones. Get enough sleep and don’t forget about a well-deserved rest.
3. Forget about hair styling
To start dandruff treatment, remove all styling products away. Do not clog the pores of the skin with anything.
4. Don’t wash your head every day
A certain amount of sebum must be on the epidermis, this is its natural barrier. Do not disturb it by frequent washing. No matter how much you want to wash off all the dandruff, it still won’t work. In addition, the reason for its appearance may be precisely that you have over-dried the skin. It is optimal to wash your hair 3-4 times a week-every other day or two.
5. Buy a new shampoo
Sometimes it is enough just to change the old shampoo to a new one with a better natural composition. A trichologist can help you choose a shampoo that is perfect for your hair. Good components for men’s hair are considered tea tree oil and aloe.
6. Make a scrub
The scalp periodically needs to be scrubbed. Clogged pores with styling and sebum are a common cause of dandruff, as well as dull, brittle and falling hair. Try a shampoo-scrub. This contains abrasive particles and pore-constricting components – salicylic acid, sulfur, or others.
7. Go to the pharmacy
If you need a special shampoo for dandruff, then buy it only at the pharmacy. Pharmacy products are primarily aimed at treating the problem, and not at masking it. In order not to make a mistake, you need to know what exactly provoked dandruff. Depending on its cause, there are antifungal and antibacterial shampoos.
The first eliminate the fungus, which causes allergic reactions in the form of inflammation and peeling. The most effective means with the same effect made on the basis of ketoconazole (nizoral). Antibacterial shampoos with zinc in the composition also soothe irritation and treat hair. Use such tools strictly according to the instructions. Often they have an aggressive chemical composition. And, if you overdo it, you can “kill” not only the cause of dandruff, but also the balance of the scalp.